Why you need to repair STL file before 3d printing
It is an important process to repair STL files before 3d printing.There are several file formats can be used on 3d printer, such as PLY, OBJ, AMF, WRL, and other 3d mesh models. But The most common 3D printer file format is STL file. Many software packages support this file format; it is widely used for 3D printing, rapid prototyping and computer-aided manufacturing.
If you don’t do that and send a broken STL file ( 3d mesh model) to your 3d printer, the Slicer software will often tell you something about the defects. But in the worst case, the slicer won’t show any information. Then you start the 3d printer, and you get the object from the printer as usual, but maybe you will find the quality is very horrible. That will waste time and money. So you must check the STL file before sending it to 3d printer, and ensure that the STL file is 3d printable.
Because STL cannot define the model very well, it causes the above issue. STL format file can work, but an invalid shape will be validly defined too. Before we describe 3d models with a better file format, that won’t change.
3D Printers work with the STL formatted files. Most 3D soft wares, such as SolidWorks, AutoCAD, Creo, can create an native STL file. Some soft wares need to create STL files with an add-on tool.
Even you have many years’ experience in designing and very familiar with the software you use, sometimes you will leave unprintable defects in the model too. So you need software to repair STL files.
Compare between online stl editor and offline stl repairing tool
Sometimes you can repair STL file by an online service. But we often find they will fix the files too much. You may find some of the issues can be resolved with the repair tool, but not all of them. And the final model may be not what you need. That will happen too if you use a repair tool to fix the model automatically.
So it is necessary to have an offline software to repair the errors before sending to your 3d printer. And sometimes you need to fix the models manually to ensure the final model is what you desired. You can do that by yourself or hire somebody to help you.
Offline Software packages that can repair STL files
Autodesk Meshmixer Free
It is a free tool for Windows and macOS. You can use this tool to create and repair 3d model easily. And it is an ideal tool for 3d designer to create 3d model based on existing volumes. But if you want to create a more complex model, you need to choose other software. With the tool, you can fix your model, add lattice on your 3d model, resize 3d model, etc.
3D builder Free
Microsoft 3D Builder is a free app. You can use it to view, create or personalize your 3d model. You can clean up and automatically repair your 3d model. It has a feature to turn your photos into 3D-it is not perfect, but does work.
It is an open source tool. There are some tools that can be used to edit, clean, heal, inspect, render, texture meshes. Usually you can use it to prepare models for 3d printing.
Blender is an open source and free software. Using the software, you can create 3d models, animation, simulation, rendering, game, etc. And you can edit video, repair STL files too. Get more about Blender on Wikipedia.
Materialise Magics is a commercial STL editor. It is an industry-leading data preparation software for 3d printing and additive manufacturing. With this tool, you can repair STL model automatically or manually, prepare build platform, add supports to 3d model, and so on.
After you create 3d models with some CAD software, maybe it is not suitable for 3d printing: overlapping surfaces, too thin walls, wrong normal, holes, etc. Cur3d can fix the errors easily.
It is not only a tool that can be used to repair STL files. Read<3d printing software packages> to get more information.
Even you are an experienced designer, there may be defects in your model too. This software can help prepare watertight, clean STL files which can be printed properly. At the same time, it can cut the number of polygons in a solid.